Due to the additional duty linked to the quantities imported, chicken meat is subject to the highest rates of duty of all poultry species. The customs duty for poultry products from the European Union is calculated as follows:
Duty to be paid = quantity of product X duty per product quantity (CNY/KG) + value of product X duty per product value.
China also uses a list of products for which there is a quota with a reduced rate of duty to be used. Poultry meat is currently not on that list. The list can be found at:
China does not generally recognise regionalisation due to outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) or Newcastle disease (ND). However, in 2020, China and the US concluded an agreement whereby, in the event of an outbreak of one of the aforementioned diseases in poultry, the export ban will not apply to the whole country but will be limited to the state in which the outbreak was confirmed.
For other countries, including the EU, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture issues decisions on bans on imports from the country if there are outbreaks of HPAI or ND in poultry. Furthermore, China does not automatically recognise the regained status of a country in accordance with the rules of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), i.e. three months after the last outbreak was eradicated. The process of lifting the export ban sometimes takes even several years. In addition, the period between the decision to lift the ban and implementation of the changes is also long and may be several months. Those restrictions apply not only to live animals but also to poultry meat, eggs, as well as poultry and egg products.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON COVID-19:
As the PRC authorities consider the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus by imported food to be high, the GACC services have introduced a number of precautionary measures against foreign food producers and exporters whose products are found to contain the virus.
Therefore, the information provided by the GACC to the authorities of the exporting country should be kept under constant review and it is vital to remain in constant contact with the importer.
Hong Kong has no bilateral food trade agreements with the European Union, but has a free trade agreement with the EFTA countries. Compared to China, the approval procedure for exporters is much easier. Hong Kong recognises opinions of veterinary inspection authorities from European Union countries. It happens that different inspection authorities in a country may be responsible for different agricultural products. The list of official control bodies recognised by the HK authorities for issuing health certificates for exported food can be found at:
The veterinary authorities of the exporting country also have to confirm that the production establishment and the product comply with the relevant sanitary, veterinary and qualitative requirements and that the products originate from areas free from avian influenza. In the event of an outbreak of that disease, the administrative region concerned is excluded from exporting poultry to Hong Kong. However, there is no specific list of plants authorized to export. Any establishment approved by the veterinary authorities of the exporting country may start shipping.
Hong Kong does not provide for meat quotas at preferential rates of duty.
On the positive side, there are zero tariffs on poultry meat exported to Hong Kong. The values are as follows: